What is DBT?
Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT) is a form of cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT) developed by Marsha Linehan over thirty years ago to help people who have difficulty managing their emotions. These individuals often receive a diagnosis of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD), BiPolar, Depression, Anxiety, Panic Disorder, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), and Substance Abuse. The techniques used in DBT are generally intended to improve the individual’s well-being and quality of life by expanding the person’s skills, abilities, and independence. Numerous research studies have found evidence for the effectiveness of standard DBT, which is a combination of both DBT individual therapy and DBT skills training.
DBT is designed to help emotion regulation difficulties such as:
* Experiencing painful emotions that are intolerable.
* Quickly shifting between different emotions and moods
* Feeling controlled by your emotions
* Experiencing emotional reactivity to outside stimuli
* Having itense self-hatred and shame
* Being prone to irritability and anger
* Making impulsive choices based on your feelings.
DBT also addresses other difficulties such as:
* Relationship difficulities
* Intense fears of abandonment
* Sensitivity to criticism
* A profound sense of emptiness or emotional numbness
* Self defeating behaviors that are impulsive or destructive
* Inability to focus one’s attention and racing thoughts
What does DBT consist of?
Individual Therapy is used to formulate treatment objectives, reinforce commitment to change, explore behaviors through the use of chain analysis, integrate newly acquired skills into daily life, and validate clients progress.
Skills Training Group is used to teach new skills and explore their outcomes. DBT has divided skills training into four skills modules.
Core Mindfulness – Focusing one’s attention, staying in the present moment, and accepting life as it is.
Distress Tolerance – Managing pain skillfully, and responding in ways that do not exacerbate situations.
Emotion Regulation – Reducing vulnerability to emotions, and decreasing reactivity to emotional situations so that you can respond more effectively.
Interpersonal Effectiveness – Communicating your needs to others while maintaining a positive relationship and
your own self respect.
DBT Resources – Books
- DBT Skills Training Manual Handouts and Worksheets, second edition by Marsha Lineman, 2014, Guilford Press
- Skills Training Manual for Treating Borderline Personality Disorder by Marsha M. Linehan, 1993, New Harbinger Publications
- DBT Skills Manual For Adolescents by Jill Rathus and Alec Miller, 2014, Guilford Press
- Dialectical Behavior Therapy Workbook: Practical DBT Exercises for Learning Mindfulness, Interpersonal Effectiveness, Emotion
- Regulation, & Distress Tolerance by Matthew McKay, Jeffrey C. Wood, and Jeffrey Brantley, 2007, New Harbinger Publications
- Stop Walking on Eggshells: Taking Your Life Back When Someone You Care About Has Borderline Personality Disorder By Paul Mason, Randi Kreger, 2010, New Harbinger Publications
- Don’t Shoot the Dog — revised edition by Karen Pryor, 1999, Bantam Books.